OST or Offline Storage Files represent the user's mailbox data in offline mode on the local machine upon registration with Exchange Server using Microsoft Outlook. It is automatically created on the first use of Microsoft Outlook upon connectivity with the server. Once the file is created, the data is synchronized with the email server so that it is available offline as well in case of disconnectivity from the email server.
Files having extension .BMP represent Bitmap Image files that are used to store bitmap digital images. These images are independent of graphics adapter and are also called device independent bitmap (DIB) file format. This independency serves the purpose of opening the file on multiple platforms such as Microsoft Windows and Mac. The BMP file format can store data as two-dimensional digital images in both monochrome as well as color format with various colour depths.
You can also convert OST into many other file formats. Please see the complete list below.