A file with an .ai extension is an Adobe Illustrator Artwork file that contains vector graphics on a single page. It uses points to create paths for displaying the image data, thus making it safe from losing image quality if it is enlarged. AI format finds its major usage for logos and print media. AI files can be opened with Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Acrobat DC, PaintShop Pro, and CorelDraw Graphics tools.
Files with XLSM extension is a type of Spreasheet files that support Macros. From application point of view, a Macro is set of instructions that are used for automating processes. A macro is used to record the steps that are performed repeatedly and facilitates performing the actions by running the macro again. Macros are programmed with Microsoft's Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) from within the Excel Workbook using the Visual Basic Editor and can be run/debug directly from there.
You can also convert AI into many other file formats. Please see the complete list below.