A file with an .ai extension is an Adobe Illustrator Artwork file that contains vector graphics on a single page. It uses points to create paths for displaying the image data, thus making it safe from losing image quality if it is enlarged. AI format finds its major usage for logos and print media. AI files can be opened with Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Acrobat DC, PaintShop Pro, and CorelDraw Graphics tools.
Files with XLS extension represent Excel Binary File Format. Such files can be created by Microsoft Excel as well as other similar spreadsheet programs such as OpenOffice Calc or Apple Numbers. File saved by Excel are known as Workbook where each workbook can have one or more worksheets. Data is stored and displayed to users in table format in worksheet and can span numeric values, text data, formulas, external data connections, images and charts.
You can also convert AI into many other file formats. Please see the complete list below.